Mapping LWM2M, IPSO and YANG models

- 6 mins

One of the outcomes of the IOTSI Workshop was to show how unlikely it will be to have one-single-data-model for every device out there. This might sound disheartening at first but it does not mean that interoperability is not possible.

One of the solutions is to create an even higher layer of abstraction, another meta-model, that allows for generating any and all of the other possible data models that are out there. Another solution is to translate between models. This post deals with the latter.

One of the main data models out there is YANG, the IETF has standardized it as the YANG as THE data modeling language for configuration and operation of network elements, devices, networks or pretty much anything you may want.

It is specified on top of different protocols like NETCONF, RESTCONF and now CoAP.

In parallel another albeit simpler data model was also done with the IoT space in mind, the LWM2M/IPSO Object model, which is one of the many out there and that has already been discussed at length.

With the spirit of translation in mind and trying to bridge both worlds, @peter and I got to the task of translating LWM2M to YANG.

We will publish a draft on this eventually, but for the time being we did the following rules:

With this in mind @peter did the first stab a translation that has been validated and that works for YANG. It models the IPSO Humidity Object (3304). If you thought that the XML looks unappealing then welcome to YANG:

module ietf-humidityNM{

  yang-version 1.1;  // needed for action

  namespace
      "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-humidityNM";

  prefix humid;

  organization
    "IPSO";

  contact
     "WG Web:   http://tools.ietf.org/wg/core/
     WG List:  mailto:core@ietf.org

     WG Chair: Carsten Bormann
               mailto:cabo@tzi.org

     WG Chair: Jaime Jimenez
               mailto:jaime.jimenez@ericsson.com

     Editor:   Peter van der Stok
               mailto:consultancy@vanderstok.org

     Editor:   Jaime Jimenez
               mailto:jaime.jimenez@ericsson.com";

  description
    "This module contains information about the operation of the IPSO LWM2M humidity sensor with ID 3301.

     Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
     authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or

     without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
     to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
     set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
     Relating to IETF Documents
     (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

     This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
     the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

revision "2016-07-25" {
      description "Initial revision.";
      reference
        "I-D:draft-vanderstok-core-yang-LWM2M: YANG language applied to the LWM2M IPSO humidity sensor specification";
    }

    list IPSO-humidity {
        key instance_number;
        config   false;   //  should be same as key leaf
        description
          "3301: The humidity sensor is composed of a set of instances";
           leaf instance_number {
               type uint16{
                    range "0..1";   // only one instance zero (0)
               }
               config false;    // R access
               mandatory "true";
               description
                "the number of the humidity sensor instance";
            }
            leaf Sensor_Value  {
               type decimal64{    // YANG has no float
                       fraction-digits 2;
                       range "10.0 .. 66.6";}
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               mandatory "true";
               description
                "5700: Last or Current Measured Value from the Sensor";
            }
            leaf Units {
               type string;
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               description
                "5701: Measurement unit definition e.g. 'Cel' for temperature in Celsius";
            }
            leaf Min_Measured_Value {
               type decimal64{    // YANG has no float
                       fraction-digits 2;
                       range "10.0 .. 66.6";}
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               description
                "5601: The minimum value measured by the sensor since power ON or reset";
            }
            leaf Max_Measured_Value {
               type decimal64{    // YANG has no float
                       fraction-digits 2;
                       range "10.0 .. 66.6";}
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               description
                "5602: The maximum value measured by the sensor since power ON or reset";
            }
            leaf Min_Range_Value {
               type decimal64{    // YANG has no float
                       fraction-digits 2;
                       range "10.0 .. 66.6";}
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               description
                "5603: The minimum value that can be measured by the sensor";
            }
            leaf Max_Range_Value{
               type decimal64{    // YANG has no float
                       fraction-digits 2;
                       range "10.0 .. 66.6";}
               units "Defined by 'Units' resource";
               config false;    // R access
               description
                "5604: The maximum value that can be measured by the sensor";
            }
            action Reset_Min_and_Max_measured_values {
               // E access: this is an RPC without input and output parameters
               description
                "5605: Reset the Min and Max measured values to current value";
            }  // rpc
       }  // list ID3301
} // module ietf-yang-humidity

In short, I am looking forward for a cleaner CDDL version instead and hoping that one data model establishes itself as the way to go, even if only slightly above the many others. For future work I will implement an automatic translator from IPSO XML to YANG.

Jaime Jiménez

Jaime Jiménez

Making *things* more sensible.

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